Body Area Network Projects

Body Area Network Projects

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A Well Round Account of Body Area Network:

Body Area Network:

  • Independent nodes such as actuators and sensors which are present all over the body hidden under the skin or clothes that are connected to hub
  • Implantable Body sensors and Wearable sensors form a network.
  • Wireless Communication Channel is utilized to monitor the entire human body information.
  • It is based on IEEE 802.15.6 (latest international standard) designed for BAN.
  • Star topology is used, in which sensors communicate to the centralized hub.

Significant Metrics:

We have listed some important requirements of Body Area Network they are:

  • Latency because long response time is not tolerated by emergency data.
  • Reliability, as it is necessary to have highly reliable health information.
  • Due to battery replacement power consumption becomes an important requirement.
  • Security owing to the much needed privacy.
  • Successful data delivery ratio
  • Fault tolerance
  • Re-configurability

Specifications for BAN:

  • 2-4 nets/m2 piconet density
  • 10 ms latency.
  • Asynchronous and isochronous channels concurrent availability
  • Nearly 1 mW/Mbps power consumption
  • Maximum 100 devices per network
  • Covers 2m standard and 5m special standard distance
  • Device driven degradation of services are permitted
  • 1 second network setup time
  • Multi point communication
  • 100 us start-up time

Sensors Needed and Used:

  • Pulse Oximetry
  • Breathing sensor for monitoring respiration
  • Physiological sensors that aids in communication, computational and storage capabilities.
  • Co2 gas sensor
  • Thermistor sensor
  • Blood glucose sensor
  • ECG for monitoring muscle activity
  • EMG to monitor heart muscles
  • EEG to monitor brain electrical activity
  • Motion sensors such as Gyroscope or accdero meter
  • Smart sock sensor
  • Movement sensors
  • Breathing pressure sensors
  • Blood pressure sensor
  • Spirometer DNA sensor
  • Temperature sensor
  • Magnetic Biosenso
  • Till sensor for monitoring
  • Humidity sensor
  • SpO2 pulse oximetry
  • Smart sock sensor that delineate phases of individual steps.

Our Research Concern in Body Area Network:

  • Management of data consistency
  • Calibration and customization of sensors
  • Ubiquitous and affordable monitoring
  • Biocompatibility issues.
  • Security and privacy.
  • Standardization of sensors
  • Interference  and Interoperability
  • Seamless system configuration’
  • Signal detection and context awareness
  • Sensor detection and rules of engagement
  • Sensor standardization
  • Integration of data into medical databases.
  • Secure MAC protocol design
  • Requirement of User priority
  • QoS-aware data transmission
  • Remote Monitoring system
  • WBAN integrate with 3G / 4G via smart phone
  • Ubiquitous Health care monitoring system
  • Channel-aware communication by Smart channel assignment
  • Investigate intra-WBAN and inter-WBAN
  • Handover when patient is moving
  • Criticality based data scheduling and provides priorities
  • Multi-channel MAC scheme to mitigate interference
  • Optimal Multi-hop relay selection for data aggregation
  • Light-weight secure transmission of sensed data

Circumstantial Usage of Body Area Network:

Body Sensor Network:

  • Total traffic < 10 kbps
  • Wireless sensors

Fitness Monitoring

  • Total system load < 500 kbps
  • Central device such as mp3 player and wireless headset needed.
  • Expanded functionality

Mobile device Centric:

  • Broad set of data covered.
  • Network load < 500 kbps
  • Central point is mobile terminal
  • Gateway to outside offload sensor data

Wearable Audio:

  • Devices like mp3 player, CD audio player, Cellular phone, AP at home, Remote control and hands free car are interlinked.
  • < 500 kbps network load
  • Central device i.e. headset and additional devices such as stereo audio and microphone.

Remote Control and I/O devices:

  • Storage devices
  • Wireless pen
  • Remote control devices

Simulation of Body Area Network

  • COSMOL for electromagnetic simulation
  • Matlab / c++ for developing applications
  • Omnet ++, Castalia and Opnet are the simulations used

Supported Protocols:

MAC Protocols:

  • SMAC
  • Baseline MAC
  • ZigBee MAC
  • TAMC
  • IEEE 802.15.4 MAC
  • IEEE 802.15.6 MAC
  • Power Efficient MAC
  • Battery-aware TDMA MAC

Routing Protocols:

Routing Based on Temperature:

  • Least temperature routing
  • Hotspot preventing routing
  • Homogenous networks routing algorithm
  • Adaptive least temperature routing
  • Thermal aware routing protocol
  • Least total temperature
  • Thermal aware shortest hop routing

Real-Time Applications of Body Area Network:

  • Medical devices such as patient monitoring and telemedicine system are controlled via remote controls.
  • Various diseases such as diabetes, heart attack, glucose level, cancer and blood pressure can be measured
  • Wearable Body Area Network helps in monitoring sleep staging, fatigue, asthma and soldier’s battle readiness.
  • Implant Body Area Network for cancer detection, ambient assisted living and cardiovascular disease.
  • Vital signals monitoring
  • Clinical decision support
  • Emergency requirements
  • Health advices

Non – Medical Applications:

  • Emergency applications
  • Multimedia and sports
  • Defence applications
  • Entertainment applications (sports)
  • Real time Streaming

Other Applications:

  • Computer assisted rehabilitation
  • Ambulatory health monitoring application.

        Our professional team collectively presented this information on Body area network projects for you. We hope that based on this you will make a well informed decision on choosing Body Area Network Project. If not satisfied you can always use our online service to contact us and attain all the needed information. To create a stand out Body area network project accept our help and obtain a unique and original project that will guarantee you success.

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