Underwater Sensor Networks Thesis

Underwater sensor networks are aimed to monitor the activities involved in a particular region like underwater. Particularly, it monitors the underwater through the deployed underwater sensors and delivers the sensed information to the users in the ground through underwater vehicles and surface area sink. Due to its beneficial features, the growth of research is increasing day-by-day in different perspectives as acoustic communication, ocean monitoring, ocean disaster prediction, etc.

This page is projected to give end-to-end details on Under Sensor Networks Thesis Ideas for current and upcoming scholars!!!

What is underwater wireless communication?

In Underwater Wireless Communication Networks (UWCNs), the self-directed underwater vehicles and sensors will be interconnected with each other for sharing data within the network. Particularly, the primary functions of UWCN are monitoring the network, sensing the environment, and coordinating communication.

How does underwater wireless sensor networks work?

In general, the nodes of UWSN are differentiated based on their mode of deployments. Here, some are deployed underwater and some are deployed on the surface. Though the nodes are placed in different locations, the objective of a node is to interact with one another through any possible wireless media. Basically, the data transaction takes place either with the network of nodes or with the base station.

In a sensor network, the wireless system transmits the data through any of these communication mediums such as optical wave, radio wave, electromagnetic wave, and acoustic wave. As a matter of fact, acoustic communication is the one that can be found in the majority of real-time applications. The reason behind this high popularity is that it has the attenuation characteristic in water. Also, it has the capability of working on low frequencies to exchange data over extensive distances. 

Implementing Underwater Sensor Networks Thesis Topics

What is the biggest challenge in underwater WSN?

Now, we can see the major research issues in the UWSN. Due to the advanced features of UWSN, it is widely spread in many industrial sectors and research fields. As a result, it increases UWSN’s research and developments in multiple aspects of technological advancements. From our recent study, we have found so many current trends along with challenges involved in the development of future technologies.

Commonly, it has the issues of limited communication coverage/area, greater path loss rate, and electromagnetic dynamic forces in the case of piercing via sand, oil, soil, and water. Below, here we have also addressed other important research issues of WSN based on a recent study. We not only simply identify the problem but also create the appropriate solutions to solve the identified problems for Underwater Sensor Networks Thesis. So, we are ready to provide solutions to your handpicking research problems.

Recent Research Challenges in UWSN

  • Large-scale Data-Oriented
    • Data Transmission
    • Network Visualization
    • Dependent on Hardware
  • Heterogeneity
    • Heterogeneous Nature of Sensors
    • Complex Sound Environ
    • Shared Interface and Protocols
  • Real-Time Provision
    • Link Trustworthiness
    • Communication Range
  • Multiple Radio Access
    • Propagation Latency
    • Constrained Bandwidth
    • Latency Variation

To understand the functionalities of underwater sensor networks better, here we have presented you the flow of data (i.e., how the communication takes place) in the UWSN model. In this, the data is carried forward from source to destination by following these 4 stages. Our research team has a strong basement in UWSN theoretical concepts, so we always give fine-tuned research and development services in any of your research issues.

Data Flow Model for Underwater Sensor Networks

  • Underwater Acoustic Networks
    • Sense the data from sensors
  • Surface Radio Network
    • Collect the sensed data from surface gateway and transmit to the surface sink
  • IP Network
    • Send the data to the cloud through base stations
  • Web Services
    • Here, the web services are classified into several categorizes as query, periodic and static data
    • Then, store them in cloud server

Certainly, the growth of massive real and non-real applications is majorly dependent on the advanced technologies and protocols which support new applications development. In actual fact, UWSN provides that kind of sophisticated platform for enhancing technical growth. Here, we have given some widely popular UWSN-based applications which are handpicked only after recent research on UWSN developments. And they are:

Applications of Underwater Sensor Networks

  • Military Defense Applications
    • Direction-finding Assistance
    • Distributed Strategical Plan
    • Observing Harbors or Port
    • Surveillance Cameras
    • Prevention from Uncertainty Disaster
  • Industrial Applications
    • Space Station
    • Marketable Fisheries
    • Water / Oil Pipelines Monitoring
    • Control and Actuation
    • Natural Resource Extraction
  • Scientific Applications
    • Sampling of Ocean
    • Great Barrier Reef Monitoring`
    • Monitoring of Environmental Conditions

Next, we can see the significant classifications of UWSNs. Through these classifications, you can identify the current research perspective of the scholars who wish to begin their professional carrier in UWSN. Our experts have familiarity in all these areas to provide you up-to-date research updates. Beyond these, we also support you in other interesting Underwater Sensor Networks Thesis developments.

Taxonomy of Underwater Sensor Networks

  • Applications
    • Industry-based
    • Catastrophe Prevention
    • Scientific Developments
  • Architectural Features
    • Enabling Developments (technologies)
    • Sensors
    • Network Processes
  • Routing Protocols
    • Adaptability
    • Geographic and Opportunistic
    • Artificial Intelligence
    • Energy Effectual
    • Cooperative and Cross-Layer
  • Data Transmission
    • Source (Sender)
    • Destination (Receiver)
    • Velocity (Speed)
  • Security
    • Data Privacy and Safety
    • Authentication (Single / Multi Factor)
    • Access Control Scheme

We hope that from the above UWSN taxonomy, you have learned the important key features concealed in the UWSN. For your ease, we have depicted the important attributes of UWSN through the above classification as applications, architectural features, routing protocol, data transmission, and security. Also, it provides you so many innovative Underwater Sensor Networks thesis ideas which are currently evolved.

In fact, the modulation techniques used in radio communication can also be employed in underwater acoustic communications (UAC). In this, few of the techniques are incredibly best-fitting for the UAC channel instead of others. For your reference, here we have given you few modulation approaches which are specifically used in UAC.

Types of Modulation for Underwater Sensor Networks

  • Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing
  • Frequency Position Modulation
  • Direct-Sequence Spread Spectrum
  • Phase-Shift Keying
  • Multiple Frequency-Shift Keying
  • Frequency-Shift Keying
  • Pulse-Position Modulation
  • Frequency-Hopping Spread Spectrum

In addition, our experts have listed the two important and primary mechanisms of UWSNs. Since it explicitly provides information on all required techniques for data communication over UWSNs starting from data collection till data transmission. Based on the requirement of your research, we assist you to handpick appropriate techniques and algorithms. If you need, we also design 3d underwater sensor network localization and create new algorithms on our own to tackle the research issues efficiently.

What are the two mechanisms for underwater acoustic sensor networks?

  • Data Collection Mechanism
    • Schemes for analyzing system coverage area and placing node in the environment
    • Techniques for identifying target in underwater
  • Data Transmission Mechanism
    • Modeling of protocols of MAC-layer 
    • Designing of acoustic channel in underwater
    • Approaches for selecting optimal routes in underwater
    • Synchronization of time in data distribution
    • Strategies for localizing moving nodes

Next, we can the new research direction of UWSN in the recent research community. As mentioned earlier, UWSN has incredible features to adapt real-time applications. So, it attains the attention of all major research fields. As a result, the growth of integrated technologies is increasing tremendously. Here, we have listed few modern technologies that are holding their hands with UWSNs for creating remarkable research work.

Integrated fields for underwater sensor networks
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • 5G Technology / 5G Beyond / 6G Networks
  • Software Defined Network (SDN)
  • Industrial IoT (IIoT) / Industry 4.0
  • Mmwave Communication Technology

From the above, we have handpicked a software-defined network that has an example to provide you information on entities used for the SDN-UWSN model. In this, we have partitioned the model based on the layers associated with Software defined networking. Similarly, we give complete system architecture for your handpicked UWSN research with a detailed description of deployed entities and their functionalities.

Software Defined Networking

  • Physical Layer
    • Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks
      • Underwater Vehicles and Sensors
      • Smart Gadgets (Smartphones, Tab, PC)
      • Surface Station (Sink, Gateway)
      • Tag Readers, Hydrophone, Receiver
    • Industry-based Cloud
    • Industrial Network and Bus
    • Public Network
  • Control Layer
    • Cloud and Sensor controller
    • Industrial Bus controller
    • Public Network controller
  • Application Layer
    • Fault / Error Analysis
    • Utilization of Equipment
    • Custom based Production Plan

When we discuss our Underwater Sensor Networks Thesis topics, we are really proud on saying that we are always unique in selecting research problems. Basically, our motive is to address the recent research issues or issues that are not solved commendably. Below, we have given you happening thesis topics that depict scholar’s current interests. Beyond these topics, we also suggest you more topics based on your interest in research.

Latest Top 11 Underwater Sensor Networks Thesis Topics

  • Fast Prototyping of Software Defined Receivers
  • New Standardized MAC Protocols
  • Modeling and Assessing of Channel Models in USN
  • Advanced Modeling Techniques for Ultrasonic Underwater Transducers
  • New Design of Ultrasonic Modem / Power Amplifiers
  • Microcontroller-based WSN Motes / Nodes
  • Efficient Underwater Acoustic Communication Technologies 
  • Generation and Control of Electric Power in USN
  • Advance Techniques for Power and Energy Management
  • Improvement of Acoustic-Carriers based Modulation Techniques
  • Energy Efficient Designing Strategies for Electroacoustic Underwater Transducers

Thus far, we have discussed the research and development perspective of UWSN. Now, we can see what is thesis and how the thesis is prepared. In the research, thesis is one of the most important elements for students /scholars to document their research activities which are done so far.   

 Particularly, the thesis lets you deliver your research thoughts in the form of words in a well-organized structure. Here, the structure of the thesis is framed by your respective institution. Also, a good thesis will definitely reveal what exactly you have performed on your research work to the readers. So, it acts as the best assistance for readers/followers to find your research path. Overall, the top-quality thesis creates a positive impact on your research work. So, it is essential to take extra care in preparing a thesis to yield a “perfect thesis”. Here, our technical writers have given the important tips to be followed in best thesis writing. 

Research Guidance to Implement Underwater Sensor Networks Thesis

How to Plan for a Research Thesis?

  • At first, find the appropriate research guide for an institution that matches your area of research interest. 
  • Next, plan and design the thesis proposal with brief details on the need and goals of the handpicked research topic. Also, include in what way, the intended research is accomplished effectively.
  • Prior to implementing real research, analyze the previous studies related to the topic. This assists you to develop better proposals through wide research perception. 
  • Grasp sufficient theoretical and practical knowledge on research frameworks before working with the research problem
  • When the research work begins, strictly make a note on each phase of research like literature review, problem identification, solutions modeling, system design, practical implementation, experimental results, and result evaluation. Since it helps more in writing a thesis.
  • Once the research work is completed both in theoretical and empirical aspects, draw the conclusion from experimental results which sure to make active result discussion in thesis writing.
  • Confirm the structure of the thesis from the institution before beginning writing and create the rough draft on the front, body and conclusion matters indifferent 5 chapters as an introduction, literature review, methodologies, result in discussion and conclusion. The chapters may vary based on institution needs. 
  • When the rough draft is completed then discuss with the research guide, field experts, and peers for further quality betterment.
  • At last, prepare all the possible questions raised by reviewers with the evidence-based defensive answer.

We have an individual team of writers to offer the above-specified thesis writing service with unlimited revisions. Most importantly, experts have the strong technical background to support you in research, development, and thesis writing. So, make use of this chance to avail overall best service and guidance for your research. Once you tie-up with us, we share with you more current Underwater Sensor Networks Thesis topics that are waiting to create a masterwork.